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Identifying Host Names and IP Addresses

This article presents a mixed bag of Oracle functionality relating to the identification of host names and IP addresses for Oracle clients and servers.

UTL_INADDR

The UTL_INADDR package was introduced in Oracle 8.1.6 to provide a means of retrieving host names and IP addresses of remote hosts from PL/SQL.

The GET_HOST_ADDRESS function returns the IP address of the specified host name.

SQL> SELECT UTL_INADDR.get_host_address('bart') FROM dual;

UTL_INADDR.GET_HOST_ADDRESS('BART')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
192.168.2.4

SQL>

The IP address of the database server is returned if the specified host name is NULL or is omitted.

SQL> SELECT UTL_INADDR.get_host_address from dual;

GET_HOST_ADDRESS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
192.168.2.5

SQL>

An error is returned if the specified host name is not recognized.

SQL> SELECT UTL_INADDR.get_host_address('banana') from dual;
SELECT UTL_INADDR.get_host_address('banana') from dual
       *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-29257: host banana unknown
ORA-06512: at "SYS.UTL_INADDR", line 19
ORA-06512: at "SYS.UTL_INADDR", line 40
ORA-06512: at line 1


SQL>

The GET_HOST_NAME function returns the host name of the specified IP address.

SQL> SELECT UTL_INADDR.get_host_name('192.168.2.4') FROM dual;

UTL_INADDR.GET_HOST_NAME('192.168.2.4')
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
bart

SQL>

The host name of the database server is returned if the specified IP address is NULL or omitted.

SQL> SELECT UTL_INADDR.get_host_name FROM dual;

GET_HOST_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
C4210gR2

1 row selected.

SQL>

An error is returned if the specified IP address is not recognized.

SQL> SELECT UTL_INADDR.get_host_name('1.1.1.1') FROM dual;
SELECT UTL_INADDR.get_host_name('1.1.1.1') FROM dual
       *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-29257: host 1.1.1.1 unknown
ORA-06512: at "SYS.UTL_INADDR", line 4
ORA-06512: at "SYS.UTL_INADDR", line 35
ORA-06512: at line 1


SQL>

SYS_CONTEXT

The SYS_CONTEXT function is able to return the following host and IP address information for the current session:

The following examples show the typical output for each variant.

SQL> SELECT SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','TERMINAL') FROM dual;

SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','TERMINAL')
--------------------------------------------------------------------
marge

1 row selected.

SQL> SELECT SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','HOST') FROM dual;

SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','HOST')
--------------------------------------------------------------------
marge

1 row selected.

SQL> SELECT SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','IP_ADDRESS') FROM dual;

SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','IP_ADDRESS')
--------------------------------------------------------------------
192.168.2.3

1 row selected.

SQL> SELECT SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','SERVER_HOST') FROM dual;

SYS_CONTEXT('USERENV','SERVER_HOST')
--------------------------------------------------------------------
C4210gr2

1 row selected.

SQL>

V$INSTANCE

The HOST_NAME column of the V$INSTANCE view contains the host name of the server running the instance.

SQL> SELECT host_name FROM v$instance;

HOST_NAME
------------------------------------------------
C4210gR2

1 row selected.

SQL>

V$SESSION

The V$SESSION view contains the following host information for all database sessions:

The following examples show the typical output for each column.

SQL> SELECT terminal, machine FROM v$session WHERE username = 'TIM_HALL';

TERMINAL                       MACHINE
------------------------------ ----------------------------------------------------
MARGE                          ORACLE-BASE\MARGE

1 row selected.

SQL>

For more information see:

Hope this helps. Regards Tim...

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