Script: tuning.sql

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-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- File Name    : http://oracle-base.com/dba/monitoring/tuning.sql
-- Author       : Tim Hall
-- Description  : Displays several performance indicators and comments on the value.
-- Requirements : Access to the V$ views.
-- Call Syntax  : @tuning
-- Last Modified: 15/07/2000
-- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SET SERVEROUTPUT ON
SET LINESIZE 1000
SET FEEDBACK OFF

SELECT *
FROM   v$database;
PROMPT

DECLARE
  v_value  NUMBER;

  FUNCTION Format(p_value  IN  NUMBER) 
    RETURN VARCHAR2 IS
  BEGIN
    RETURN LPad(To_Char(Round(p_value,2),'990.00') || '%',8,' ') || '  ';
  END;

BEGIN

  -- --------------------------
  -- Dictionary Cache Hit Ratio
  -- --------------------------
  SELECT (1 - (Sum(getmisses)/(Sum(gets) + Sum(getmisses)))) * 100
  INTO   v_value
  FROM   v$rowcache;

  DBMS_Output.Put('Dictionary Cache Hit Ratio       : ' || Format(v_value));
  IF v_value < 90 THEN
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Increase SHARED_POOL_SIZE parameter to bring value above 90%');
  ELSE
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Value Acceptable.');  
  END IF;

  -- -----------------------
  -- Library Cache Hit Ratio
  -- -----------------------
  SELECT (1 -(Sum(reloads)/(Sum(pins) + Sum(reloads)))) * 100
  INTO   v_value
  FROM   v$librarycache;

  DBMS_Output.Put('Library Cache Hit Ratio          : ' || Format(v_value));
  IF v_value < 99 THEN
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Increase SHARED_POOL_SIZE parameter to bring value above 99%');
  ELSE
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Value Acceptable.');  
  END IF;

  -- -------------------------------
  -- DB Block Buffer Cache Hit Ratio
  -- -------------------------------
  SELECT (1 - (phys.value / (db.value + cons.value))) * 100
  INTO   v_value
  FROM   v$sysstat phys,
         v$sysstat db,
         v$sysstat cons
  WHERE  phys.name  = 'physical reads'
  AND    db.name    = 'db block gets'
  AND    cons.name  = 'consistent gets';

  DBMS_Output.Put('DB Block Buffer Cache Hit Ratio  : ' || Format(v_value));
  IF v_value < 89 THEN
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Increase DB_BLOCK_BUFFERS parameter to bring value above 89%');
  ELSE
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Value Acceptable.');  
  END IF;
  
  -- ---------------
  -- Latch Hit Ratio
  -- ---------------
  SELECT (1 - (Sum(misses) / Sum(gets))) * 100
  INTO   v_value
  FROM   v$latch;

  DBMS_Output.Put('Latch Hit Ratio                  : ' || Format(v_value));
  IF v_value < 98 THEN
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Increase number of latches to bring the value above 98%');
  ELSE
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Value acceptable.');
  END IF;

  -- -----------------------
  -- Disk Sort Ratio
  -- -----------------------
  SELECT (disk.value/mem.value) * 100
  INTO   v_value
  FROM   v$sysstat disk,
         v$sysstat mem
  WHERE  disk.name = 'sorts (disk)'
  AND    mem.name  = 'sorts (memory)';

  DBMS_Output.Put('Disk Sort Ratio                  : ' || Format(v_value));
  IF v_value > 5 THEN
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Increase SORT_AREA_SIZE parameter to bring value below 5%');
  ELSE
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Value Acceptable.');  
  END IF;
  
  -- ----------------------
  -- Rollback Segment Waits
  -- ----------------------
  SELECT (Sum(waits) / Sum(gets)) * 100
  INTO   v_value
  FROM   v$rollstat;

  DBMS_Output.Put('Rollback Segment Waits           : ' || Format(v_value));
  IF v_value > 5 THEN
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Increase number of Rollback Segments to bring the value below 5%');
  ELSE
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Value acceptable.');
  END IF;

  -- -------------------
  -- Dispatcher Workload
  -- -------------------
  SELECT NVL((Sum(busy) / (Sum(busy) + Sum(idle))) * 100,0)
  INTO   v_value
  FROM   v$dispatcher;

  DBMS_Output.Put('Dispatcher Workload              : ' || Format(v_value));
  IF v_value > 50 THEN
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Increase MTS_DISPATCHERS to bring the value below 50%');
  ELSE
    DBMS_Output.Put_Line('Value acceptable.');
  END IF;
  
END;
/

PROMPT
SET FEEDBACK ON