Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.2) Installation On Solaris 10 (x86)
In this article I'll describe the installation of Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.2) on Solaris 10 (x86). The article is based on a default server installation as shown here. Alternative installations may require a different setup procedure.
- Download Software
- Unpack Files
- Hosts File
- Set Kernel Parameters
- Post Installation
Download the following software.
Unzip the files.
You should now have a single directory called "database" containing installation files.
The "/etc/hosts" file must contain a fully qualified name for the server.
<IP-address> <fully-qualified-machine-name> <machine-name>
Set Kernel Parameters
In previous versions of Solaris, kernel parameters were amended by adding entries to the "/etc/system" file, followed by a system reboot.
set semsys:seminfo_semmni=100 set semsys:seminfo_semmsl=256 set shmsys:shminfo_shmmax=4294967295 set shmsys:shminfo_shmmni=100
The Oracle installer recognizes kernel parameters set using this method, but it is now deprecated in favour of resource control projects, explained below.
As the root user, issue the following command.
Append the following line to the "/etc/user_attr" file.
If you've performed a default installation, it is likely that the only kernel parameter you need to alter is "max-shm-memory". To check the current value issue the following command.
# prctl -n project.max-shm-memory -i project oracle project: 100: oracle NAME PRIVILEGE VALUE FLAG ACTION RECIPIENT project.max-shm-memory privileged 254MB - deny - system 16.0EB max deny - #
To reset this value, make sure at least one session is logged in as the oracle user, then from the root user issue the following commands.
# prctl -n project.max-shm-memory -v 4gb -r -i project oracle # projmod -s -K "project.max-shm-memory=(priv,4gb,deny)" oracle
The first dynamically resets the value, while the second makes changes to the "/etc/project" file so the value is persistent between reboots.
# cat /etc/project system:0:::: user.root:1:::: noproject:2:::: default:3:::: group.staff:10:::: oracle:100::::project.max-shm-memory=(priv,4294967296,deny) #
The Oracle installer seems incapable of recognising kernel parameter set using resource control projects, but if you ignore the warnings the installation completes successfully.
Add the "SUNWi1cs" and "SUNWi15cs" packages using the "pkgadd" command.
# pkgadd -d /cdrom/sol_10_106_x86/Solaris_10/Product SUNWi1cs SUNWi15cs Processing package instance <SUNWi1cs> from </cdrom/sol_10_106_x86/Solaris_10/Product> X11 ISO8859-1 Codeset Support(i386) 2.0,REV=2004.10.17.15.04 Copyright 2004 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms. This appears to be an attempt to install the same architecture and version of a package which is already installed. This installation will attempt to overwrite this package. Using </> as the package base directory. ## Processing package information. ## Processing system information. 16 package pathnames are already properly installed. ## Verifying package dependencies. ## Verifying disk space requirements. ## Checking for conflicts with packages already installed. ## Checking for setuid/setgid programs. This package contains scripts which will be executed with super-user permission during the process of installing this package. Do you want to continue with the installation of <SUNWi1cs> [y,n,?] y Installing X11 ISO8859-1 Codeset Support as <SUNWi1cs> ## Installing part 1 of 1. Installation of <SUNWi1cs> was successful. Processing package instance <SUNWi15cs> from </cdrom/sol_10_106_x86/Solaris_10/Product> X11 ISO8859-15 Codeset Support(i386) 2.0,REV=2004.10.17.15.04 Copyright 2004 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. Use is subject to license terms. This appears to be an attempt to install the same architecture and version of a package which is already installed. This installation will attempt to overwrite this package. Using </> as the package base directory. ## Processing package information. ## Processing system information. 21 package pathnames are already properly installed. ## Verifying package dependencies. ## Verifying disk space requirements. ## Checking for conflicts with packages already installed. ## Checking for setuid/setgid programs. This package contains scripts which will be executed with super-user permission during the process of installing this package. Do you want to continue with the installation of <SUNWi15cs> [y,n,?] y Installing X11 ISO8859-15 Codeset Support as <SUNWi15cs> ## Installing part 1 of 1. Installation of <SUNWi15cs> was successful. #
Create the new groups and users.
groupadd oinstall groupadd dba groupadd oper useradd -g oinstall -G dba -d /export/home/oracle oracle mkdir /export/home/oracle chown oracle:oinstall /export/home/oracle passwd -r files oracle
Create the directories in which the Oracle software will be installed.
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1 chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
If you have not partitioned your disks to allow a "/u01" mount point, you may want to install the software in the "/export/home/oracle" directory as follows.
mkdir -p /export/home/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1 chown -R oracle:oinstall /export/home/oracle
Login as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the .profile file, making sure you have set the correct ORACLE_BASE value.
# Oracle Settings TMP=/tmp; export TMP TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR # Select the appropriate ORACLE_BASE #ORACLE_BASE=/export/home/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME ORACLE_SID=TSH1; export ORACLE_SID PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH
Log into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAY environmental variable.
DISPLAY=<machine-name>:0.0; export DISPLAY
Start the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in the database directory.
During the installation enter the appropriate ORACLE_HOME and name then continue installation. For a more detailed look at the installation process, click on the links below to see screen shots of each stage.
- Select Installation Method
- Specify Inventory Directory and Credentials
- Select Installation Type
- Specify Home Details
- Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks
- Select Configuration Option
- Select Database Configuration
- Specify Database Configuration Options
- Select Database Management Option
- Specify Database Storage Option
- Specify Backup and Recovery Options
- Specify Database Schema Passwords
- Configuration Assistants
- Database Configuration Assistant
- Database Configuration Assistant Password Management
- Execute Configuration Scripts
- End Of Installation
Edit the "/var/opt/oracle/oratab" file setting the restart flag for each instance to 'Y'.
For more information see:
Hope this helps. Regards Tim...