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Script: csv.sql

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CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE csv AS
-- --------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Name         : https://oracle-base.com/dba/miscellaneous/cvs.sql
-- Author       : Tim Hall
-- Description  : Basic CSV API. For usage notes see:
--                  https://oracle-base.com/articles/9i/GeneratingCSVFiles.php
--
--                  CREATE OR REPLACE DIRECTORY dba_dir AS '/u01/app/oracle/dba/';
--                  ALTER SESSION SET NLS_DATE_FORMAT='DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS';
--
--                  EXEC csv.generate('DBA_DIR', 'generate.csv', p_query => 'SELECT * FROM emp');
--
-- Requirements : UTL_FILE, DBMS_SQL
-- Ammedments   :
--   When         Who       What
--   ===========  ========  =================================================
--   14-MAY-2005  Tim Hall  Initial Creation
--   19-MAY-2016  Tim Hall  Add REF CURSOR support.
--   15-JAN-2019  Tim Hall  Add DBMS_OUTPUT support.
--   31-JAN-2019  Tim Hall  Add set_quotes procedure.
-- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

PROCEDURE generate (p_dir        IN  VARCHAR2,
                    p_file       IN  VARCHAR2,
                    p_query      IN  VARCHAR2);

PROCEDURE generate_rc (p_dir        IN  VARCHAR2,
                       p_file       IN  VARCHAR2,
                       p_refcursor  IN OUT SYS_REFCURSOR);

PROCEDURE output (p_query  IN  VARCHAR2);

PROCEDURE output_rc (p_refcursor  IN OUT SYS_REFCURSOR);

PROCEDURE set_separator (p_sep  IN  VARCHAR2);

PROCEDURE set_quotes (p_add_quotes  IN  BOOLEAN := TRUE,
                      p_quote_char  IN  VARCHAR2 := '"');

END csv;
/
SHOW ERRORS

CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY csv AS
-- --------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Name         : https://oracle-base.com/dba/miscellaneous/cvs.sql
-- Author       : Tim Hall
-- Description  : Basic CSV API. For usage notes see:
--                  https://oracle-base.com/articles/9i/GeneratingCSVFiles.php
--
--                  CREATE OR REPLACE DIRECTORY dba_dir AS '/u01/app/oracle/dba/';
--                  ALTER SESSION SET NLS_DATE_FORMAT='DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS';
--
--                  -- Query
--                  EXEC csv.generate('DBA_DIR', 'generate.csv', p_query => 'SELECT * FROM emp');
--
--                  -- Ref Cursor
--                  DECLARE
--                    l_refcursor  SYS_REFCURSOR;
--                  BEGIN
--                    OPEN l_refcursor FOR
--                      SELECT * FROM emp;
--                     
--                    csv.generate_rc('DBA_DIR','generate.csv', l_refcursor);
--                  END;
--                  /
--
--
-- Requirements : UTL_FILE, DBMS_SQL
-- Ammedments   :
--   When         Who       What
--   ===========  ========  =================================================
--   14-MAY-2005  Tim Hall  Initial Creation
--   19-MAY-2016  Tim Hall  Add REF CURSOR support.
--   15-JAN-2019  Tim Hall  Add DBMS_OUTPUT support.
--   31-JAN-2019  Tim Hall  Add quotes to strings. Code suggested by Moose T.
-- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

g_out_type    VARCHAR2(1) := 'F';
g_sep         VARCHAR2(5) := ',';
g_add_quotes  BOOLEAN     := TRUE;
g_quote_char  VARCHAR2(1) := '"';

-- Prototype for hidden procedures.
PROCEDURE generate_all (p_dir        IN  VARCHAR2,
                        p_file       IN  VARCHAR2,
                        p_query      IN  VARCHAR2,
                        p_refcursor  IN OUT SYS_REFCURSOR);

PROCEDURE put (p_file  IN  UTL_FILE.file_type,
               p_text  IN  VARCHAR2);

PROCEDURE new_line (p_file  IN  UTL_FILE.file_type);



-- Stub to generate a CSV from a query.
PROCEDURE generate (p_dir        IN  VARCHAR2,
                    p_file       IN  VARCHAR2,
                    p_query      IN  VARCHAR2) AS
  l_cursor  SYS_REFCURSOR;
BEGIN
  g_out_type := 'F';

  generate_all (p_dir        => p_dir,
                p_file       => p_file,
                p_query      => p_query,
                p_refcursor  => l_cursor);
END generate;


-- Stub to generate a CVS from a REF CURSOR.
PROCEDURE generate_rc (p_dir        IN  VARCHAR2,
                       p_file       IN  VARCHAR2,
                       p_refcursor  IN OUT SYS_REFCURSOR) AS
BEGIN
  g_out_type := 'F';

  generate_all (p_dir        => p_dir,
                p_file       => p_file,
                p_query      => NULL,
                p_refcursor  => p_refcursor);
END generate_rc;


-- Stub to output a CSV from a query.
PROCEDURE output (p_query  IN  VARCHAR2) AS
  l_cursor  SYS_REFCURSOR;
BEGIN
  g_out_type := 'D';

  generate_all (p_dir        => NULL,
                p_file       => NULL,
                p_query      => p_query,
                p_refcursor  => l_cursor);
END output;


-- Stub to output a CVS from a REF CURSOR.
PROCEDURE output_rc (p_refcursor  IN OUT SYS_REFCURSOR) AS
BEGIN
  g_out_type := 'D';

  generate_all (p_dir        => NULL,
                p_file       => NULL,
                p_query      => NULL,
                p_refcursor  => p_refcursor);
END output_rc;


-- Do the actual work.
PROCEDURE generate_all (p_dir        IN  VARCHAR2,
                        p_file       IN  VARCHAR2,
                        p_query      IN  VARCHAR2,
                        p_refcursor  IN OUT  SYS_REFCURSOR) AS
  l_cursor    PLS_INTEGER;
  l_rows      PLS_INTEGER;
  l_col_cnt   PLS_INTEGER;
  l_desc_tab  DBMS_SQL.desc_tab;
  l_buffer    VARCHAR2(32767);
  l_is_str    BOOLEAN;

  l_file      UTL_FILE.file_type;
BEGIN
  IF p_query IS NOT NULL THEN
    l_cursor := DBMS_SQL.open_cursor;
    DBMS_SQL.parse(l_cursor, p_query, DBMS_SQL.native);
  ELSIF p_refcursor%ISOPEN THEN
     l_cursor := DBMS_SQL.to_cursor_number(p_refcursor);
  ELSE
    RAISE_APPLICATION_ERROR(-20000, 'You must specify a query or a REF CURSOR.');
  END IF;
  
  DBMS_SQL.describe_columns (l_cursor, l_col_cnt, l_desc_tab);

  FOR i IN 1 .. l_col_cnt LOOP
    DBMS_SQL.define_column(l_cursor, i, l_buffer, 32767 );
  END LOOP;

  IF p_query IS NOT NULL THEN
    l_rows := DBMS_SQL.execute(l_cursor);
  END IF;
  
  IF g_out_type = 'F' THEN
    l_file := UTL_FILE.fopen(p_dir, p_file, 'w', 32767);
  END IF;

  -- Output the column names.
  FOR i IN 1 .. l_col_cnt LOOP
    IF i > 1 THEN
      put(l_file, g_sep);
    END IF;
    put(l_file, l_desc_tab(i).col_name);
  END LOOP;
  new_line(l_file);

  -- Output the data.
  LOOP
    EXIT WHEN DBMS_SQL.fetch_rows(l_cursor) = 0;

    FOR i IN 1 .. l_col_cnt LOOP
      IF i > 1 THEN
        put(l_file, g_sep);
      END IF;

      -- Check if this is a string column.
      l_is_str := FALSE;
      IF l_desc_tab(i).col_type IN (DBMS_TYPES.typecode_varchar,
                                    DBMS_TYPES.typecode_varchar2,
                                    DBMS_TYPES.typecode_char,
                                    DBMS_TYPES.typecode_clob,
                                    DBMS_TYPES.typecode_nvarchar2,
                                    DBMS_TYPES.typecode_nchar,
                                    DBMS_TYPES.typecode_nclob) THEN
        l_is_str := TRUE;
      END IF;
      
      DBMS_SQL.COLUMN_VALUE(l_cursor, i, l_buffer);
      -- Optionally add quotes for strings.
      IF g_add_quotes AND l_is_str  THEN
        put(l_file, g_quote_char); 
        put(l_file, l_buffer);
        put(l_file, g_quote_char);
      ELSE
        put(l_file, l_buffer);
      END IF;
    END LOOP;
    new_line(l_file);
  END LOOP;

  IF UTL_FILE.is_open(l_file) THEN
    UTL_FILE.fclose(l_file);
  END IF;
  DBMS_SQL.close_cursor(l_cursor);
EXCEPTION
  WHEN OTHERS THEN
    IF UTL_FILE.is_open(l_file) THEN
      UTL_FILE.fclose(l_file);
    END IF;
    IF DBMS_SQL.is_open(l_cursor) THEN
      DBMS_SQL.close_cursor(l_cursor);
    END IF;
    DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line('ERROR: ' || DBMS_UTILITY.format_error_backtrace);
    RAISE;
END generate_all;


-- Alter separator from default.
PROCEDURE set_separator (p_sep  IN  VARCHAR2) AS
BEGIN
  g_sep := p_sep;
END set_separator;


-- Alter separator from default.
PROCEDURE set_quotes (p_add_quotes  IN  BOOLEAN := TRUE,
                      p_quote_char  IN  VARCHAR2 := '"') AS
BEGIN
  g_add_quotes := NVL(p_add_quotes, TRUE);
  g_quote_char := NVL(SUBSTR(p_quote_char,1,1), '"');
END set_quotes;


-- Handle put to file or screen.
PROCEDURE put (p_file  IN  UTL_FILE.file_type,
               p_text  IN  VARCHAR2) AS
BEGIN
  IF g_out_type = 'F' THEN
    UTL_FILE.put(p_file, p_text);
  ELSE
    DBMS_OUTPUT.put(p_text);
  END IF;
END put;


-- Handle newline to file or screen.
PROCEDURE new_line (p_file  IN  UTL_FILE.file_type) AS
BEGIN
  IF g_out_type = 'F' THEN
    UTL_FILE.new_line(p_file);
  ELSE
    DBMS_OUTPUT.new_line;
  END IF;
END new_line;

END csv;
/
SHOW ERRORS