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Podman : Install Podman on Oracle Linux 9 (OL9)

Oracle Linux 9 (OL9) includes Podman, Buildah and Skopeo in the "ol9_appstream" repository. We can think of Podman as a replacement for Docker, with an almost identical syntax. This article demonstrates how to install Podman on Oracle Linux 9 (OL9).

Related articles.


This article makes the following assumptions.

Install Podman

The installation of Podman is really simple. We don't even have to amend the default repositories.

dnf install -y podman

That's the only mandatory bit!

Because the Podman syntax is so similar to Docker, there is a package that creates the docker alias to run podman commands.

dnf install -y podman-docker

You may also want to install Buildah and Skopeo also.

dnf install -y buildah skopeo

I usually start with a cut-down VM, so I make sure I add some extra packages to handle archive files and Git.

dnf install -y dnf-utils zip unzip tar gzip git

Configure Repositories (Optional)

You should only use fully qualified image names, but if you want reference images without fully qualifying them, you will need to amend the following entry in the "/etc/containers/registries.conf" file to include any additional registries you are using.

unqualified-search-registries = ["container-registry.oracle.com", "docker.io"]

Configure Disk (Optional)

Docker stores images in the "/var/lib/docker" directory. Podman uses the "/var/lib/containers" directory instead. We want to mount a partition on the "/dev/sdc" device for this location.


# New partition for the whole disk.
echo -e "n\np\n1\n\n\nw" | fdisk ${DISK_DEVICE}

# Add file system.
mkfs.xfs -f ${DISK_DEVICE}1

# Mount it using the UUID of the VirtualBox virtual disk.
UUID=`blkid -o export ${DISK_DEVICE}1 | grep UUID | grep -v PARTUUID`
mkdir ${MOUNT_POINT}
echo "${UUID}  ${MOUNT_POINT}    xfs    defaults 1 2" >> /etc/fstab
mount ${MOUNT_POINT}

Podman Commands as Non-Root User

Podman commands run as the local user, so there is no additional config needed to run Podman containers as a not-root user.

If you want to run the commands as the root user from a non-root user, do the following. In this case we want to run the Podman commands from a user called "container_user", so we add an entry in the "/etc/sudoers" file and use an alias in the user's ".bash_profile" file so we don't have to keep typing the "sudo" command.

# useradd container_user
# echo "container_user  ALL=(ALL)  NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/podman" >> /etc/sudoers
# echo "alias podman=\"sudo /usr/bin/podman\"" >> /home/container_user/.bash_profile
# su - container_user
$ podman ps

You can also add an alias for Docker, as you will no doubt type it by accident a lot in the early days. I prefer this option to using the podman-docker package.

# echo "alias docker=\"sudo /usr/bin/podman\"" >> /home/container_user/.bash_profile


Podman supports most of the Docker commands and flags, so for the most part you should be able to just substitute the word "podman" for "docker". For example the following give the same result.

docker ps -a
podman ps -a

One exception to this is the way network ports are exposed. In Podman the ports for a container are hidden unless explicitly exposed by the pod that houses the containers. This will be covered in another article. You can see an example of that in the following article.

Suppress Warnings

When issuing a Podman command from a non-root user you may get the following warnings.

$ podman ps
WARN[0000] The cgroupv2 manager is set to systemd but there is no systemd user session available
WARN[0000] For using systemd, you may need to login using an user session
WARN[0000] Alternatively, you can enable lingering with: `loginctl enable-linger 1001` (possibly as root)
WARN[0000] Falling back to --cgroup-manager=cgroupfs
WARN[0000] Failed to add pause process to systemd sandbox cgroup: exec: "dbus-launch": executable file not found in $PATH

The easiest way to resolve this is to do the following.

mkdir -p ${HOME}/.config/containers

cat > ${HOME}/.config/containers/containers.conf <<EOF
events_logger = "file"
cgroup_manager = "cgroupfs"

The Podman commands will now run without the warnings.

For more information see:

Hope this helps. Regards Tim...

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